Diabetes is a disease that impacts the pancreas, which is located behind the stomach. The pancreas is responsible for the distribution of insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin is so important because it allows the body to process sugars and fats effectively. People with type 1 diabetes don't make insulin or make too little insulin. People with type 2 diabetes do have insulin, but that insulin isn't doing its job properly.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes. About 9 of every 10 people who have diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
The exact cause of diabetes is not known, but there are several risk factors that have been identified. These risk factors include: Having other family members with diabetes, being of African-American, Hispanic, Native American, or Asian American race, being overweight or obese, and being pregnant. Age is also a risk factor, as the odds of developing type 2 diabetes increase as a person ages.
Type 1 diabetes may have symptoms including increased need for urination, dry mouth, unexplained weight loss, weakness, and blurry vision. Type 2 diabetes often shows no symptoms early on, but sufferers will eventually notice symptoms like blurry vision, slow healing, skin itchiness in the vaginal/groin area, dry mouth, and frequent urination.
Treatment of diabetes is managed by a physician with experience in this area. There are three primary ways to manage diabetes: Healthy eating, exercise, and medication if needed. Most people with diabetes will need to monitor their blood sugar, cholesterol, and triglycerides at home regularly to make sure their diabetes management plan is working properly. Type 1 diabetes management often includes insulin shots in addition to meal planning and exercise. Type 2 diabetes is often managed by oral medication, along with diet and exercise. While uncommon, some people with type 2 diabetes do also need insulin shots.
At Internal Medicine & Family Practice, we accept most major medical insurance plans. Here is a short list of just some of the most popular plans we accept. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed.