There are many things that can contribute to heart disease. While some of the things that cause heart disease can be inherited, many of them are controllable.Heart disease is usually a result of a combination of things. Some of the most common causes are poor dietary habits, physical inactivity, and cigarette smoking. The more risk factors a person has, the more likely they are to develop heart disease.
Atherosclerosis, a condition in which a person's arteries gradually grow narrower than thicker, is often the underlying cause of heart disease. Atherosclerosis often goes along with poor diet and lack of exercise. This change in the arteries occurs when cholesterol and fatty materials start to attach to blood vessel walls. Eventually, these deposits, known as plaque, can rupture and the result is a heart attack or a stroke.
The treatment for heart disease depends in large part upon the individual patient. Most people are encouraged to make some major lifestyle changes when they are diagnosed with heart disease. These changes include eating a diet that is low in fat and low in sodium, exercising at least half an hour on most days, ceasing smoking, and keeping alcohol intake low. There may be times that lifestyle changes can't make enough of a correction, so in these cases, medication may be prescribed. The specific type of medication will depend on the patient and what kind of heart disease they are dealing with. While less common, some patients will also need to undergo a surgical procedure to help them achieve a healthier heart. The physician will discuss all of the options with each heart disease patient to help them determine what will best help them achieve health again.
At Internal Medicine & Family Practice, we accept most major medical insurance plans. Here is a short list of just some of the most popular plans we accept. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed.