The reason that some people develop high blood pressure is not always known. It has been established that high blood pressure is seen more often in older people, and is rarely seen in children or young people. In addition to age, other risk factors may play a role in the development of high blood pressure. These risk factors include obesity, a very sedentary lifestyle, and excessive alcohol consumption. It also appears that high blood pressure tends to run in families.
Blood pressure is checked during most routine doctor's appointments. Patients can also check their blood pressure at home using a simplified version of the doctor's sphygmomanometer. A normal blood pressure reading is one which is under 120/80 mmHg. A pre-hypertension blood pressure reading is one that is between 120-139/80-89 mm/Hg. Once a blood pressure reading reflects numbers of more than 140/90 mmHg, the patient is officially considered to be in a state of hypertension.
If high blood pressure is not treated, there may be some major health consequences. Artery disease, atherosclerosis, may develop. This, in turn, can result in strokes or heart attacks. Heart disease, including heart failure, enlarged heart, or ischemic heart disease may develop. Eye disease may also develop.
For many people with high blood pressure, there are no obvious indicators. This means that it is imperative that people see their doctor for a wellness visit at least once a year. During these visits, the doctor will always check blood pressure and may be able to make the diagnosis and start treatment early. This may help a patient avoid going into full-blown hypertension.
At Internal Medicine & Family Practice, we accept most major medical insurance plans. Here is a short list of just some of the most popular plans we accept. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed.